Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers affecting women today, second only to skin cancer. Currently, a woman born in the United States faces a one in eight risk of developing this disease during her lifetime, and chances are that every person reading this article has either faced the disease or knows more than one friend or family member who has.
Prior to 1970, the subject of breast cancer was taboo except in medical journals, but today breast cancer is a common topic of conversation, and that’s the first step in prevention activities. Let’s begin this discussion of breast cancer prevention by providing historical context and some good news.
First, since 1990, the mortality rate from breast cancer has decreased by two percent per year. Approximately half of that decline is attributable to screening mammography.