The Scottish Tartans Museum planned two events to honor "Tartan Day" on April 2, and April 6, which is the 653rd anniversary of the signing of the Treaty of Arbroathe in 1320.
During this period, the English kings were absolute monarchs while the Scottish kings were less powerful. England needed the raw materials of the Scottish highlands to fight land battles with France during this period. In fact, England owned some French land along the English Channel. The English Army invaded Scotland frequently and often defeated their weaker armies. The Scottish chiefs assembled at Arbroathe Abbey on the west coast of Scotland at the request of the Bishop of Arbroathe. Addressed to the Pope, who was the most powerful leader in Europe, they composed a document of Independence from England. The treaty expressed free and equal tennents for all citizens, well ahead of its time.