Thursday, 21 August 2014
(1) The Military Act of 1757 defined a well "regulated militia": All 18-45 year old males who were not already a member of the regular English forces and who are declared by authority are subject to call to military service. The Act called for penalties and fines for all males who did not bare arms, detailed the militia ranks of authority, required the Colonial government to provide arms to the poor, required the amount of dry powder to hold in reserve, and outlined exemptions for clergy, etc.
(2) The Military Act of 1757, the "well regulated" Colonial Militia, eventually became the Revolutionary Militia and Minutemen who opposed their colonial predecessor. A well regulated militia of the 13 colonies was consistent with the 1757 Act. The Continental Congress of 1787, under Article 1, Sec 8, gave the power to direct and control the well regulated militia of the states to the Federal Congress. Then the First and the Second Military Act of 1792 confirmed the basic guidelines of the English Military Act of 1757 and required mandatory arming of 18 to 45 year old males, etc. In effect these two 1792 Acts clarified the intent of the prior "1791, Amendment 2" of the Continental Congress.
(3) Constitutional Amendment 2, 1791:"a well regulated militia being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bare arms shall not be infringed". The right to bare arms was "mandatory conscription" for all white males ages 18 to 45. Arms consisted of a flint lock musket, only. The same and only weapon available for hunting, target practice and military use.