Incorporation (Inc.) is a protection for investors. The English state it plainly, Ltd. or Limited. Investors’ liability is limited to the value of their investments. If the corporation racks up irresponsible debit, acts improperly or illegally, investors cannot be sued, fined or jailed, even if the corporation's actions cause damage or injury.
That is fair. It is the CEO and directors who run the company. But wait; who gives them their marching orders? That would be those very investors saying, “Make as much money for me as you can and as fast as you can, and I don't care how you do it.” Shockingly mercenary but effectively true. A corporation is crippled when investors move their money to better- performing corporations.