Concerning government spending and tax collection, one of TMCN&SG’s columnists recently said “The main focus needs to be on how to reduce spending–not collecting.”
The democrats (with a little “d”) who wrote the Articles of Confederation placed such a focus into the Articles. The national government could raise money only by requesting it from the states. The states could give a lesser amount than asked for or nothing at all. This had the effect of making it very difficult for the national government to borrow money. Lenders did not want to lend to a borrower that might not be able to get the money to pay them back. So the national government, little able to either borrow or tax, was much hampered in how much it could spend.